IELTS Insights – Reading – Post 2 – Yes/ No/ Not given, một câu hỏi thú vị và nhiều bài học hay

🎁 IELTS Insights: Yes/ No/ Not given, một câu hỏi quá hay!!!🎁

Qua tiêu đề bài viết, có lẽ sẽ em thấy thầy hơi overexcited (Tạm dịch: phấn khích thái quá :v). Tuy nhiên, đây chắc là một trong những câu hỏi thầy thấy thú vị nhất từ trước giờ. Lý do là vì nó khá tricky (đánh đố) và đòi hỏi từ vựng cũng như kỹ thuật Reading. Đó cũng là lý do thầy viết bài viết này. Tất nhiên, thầy cũng tận dụng câu hỏi này để cung cấp vài bài học hữu ích về Reading nữa. Giờ thì em xem qua và giải thử câu hỏi dưới đây nhé.

Đoạn trích từ bài đọc

He asked me whether I would write a book not just on what constitute correct English, but also why it matters. The former is relatively easy to do, once one has armed oneself with the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and some reputable grammar books by way of research materials. The latter, being a matter of debate, is less straightforward.

Theo em, câu statement dưới đây là Yes/ No/ Not given?

It is difficult to explain why using correct English is important.

Nguồn: Trích từ sách Complete IELTS

Giờ em bấm vào đây để xem đáp án và giải thích nhé

Đáp án là Yes. Nếu em gặp khó khăn khi tìm đáp án/ chọn sai, hãy đặc biệt xem kỹ ở Bước 2. Có lẽ em sẽ học được nhiều điều hay đấy.

Bước 1: Để ý từ khóa trong câu statement.

It is difficult to explain why using correct English is important.

Bước 2: Tìm nơi liên quan từ khóa trong bài đọc.

He asked me whether I would write a book not just on what constitutes correct English, but also why it matters. The former is relatively easy to do, once one has armed oneself with the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and some reputable grammar books by way of research materials. The latter, being a matter of debate, is less straightforward.

Bước 3: Phân tích và So sánh nội dung trong bài đọc và câu statement

Bài học I: Từ vựng ‘the former’ và ‘the latter’

  • Em nên biết cặp từ ‘the former’‘the latter’. Chúng được dùng khá nhiều trong IELTS. Khi ta đề cập hai điều, ‘the former’ nói cái đề cập trước, ‘the latter’ nói cái đề cập sau. Trong bài, hai điều được đề cập là ‘what constitutes correct English’‘why it matters’. Nên, ‘the former’ nói đến ‘what constitutes correct English’, ‘the latter’ nói đến ‘why it matters’.
    • What constitutes correct English = điều gì tạo nên tiếng Anh đúng.
    • Why it matters = tại sao nó quan trọng (‘it’ ở đây là ‘what constitutes correct English’/ ‘correct English’)

Bài học II: Tip về dấu ‘,’

  • Đến đây, mình phân tích đoạn ‘the latter’ trong bài vì nó liên quan đến câu statement. Có một kỹ thuật hữu dụng khi làm Reading. Nếu em gặp một câu bị cắt ngang bằng hai dấu ‘,’, hãy tạm bỏ thông tin giữa chúng. Khi đó, mọi thứ sẽ dễ dàng hơn. Với câu ‘the latter, being a matter of debate, is less straightforward’, bạn có thể áp dụng kỹ thuật trên. Sau đó, em có một câu đơn giản hơn nhiều ‘the latter is less straightforward’
    • Straightforward (a) = đơn giản, dễ hiểu

Bài học III: Tip về ‘overthinking’

Cuối cùng, xem lại câu statement It is difficult to explain why using correct English is important’. So với câu vừa phân tích xong trong bài ‘the latter (why correct English matters ) is less straightforward’. Nhiều bạn nghĩ đáp án là ‘Not given’ vì ‘It is difficult to explain’ khác ‘It is less straightforward’. Tuy nhiên, để chọn đáp án đúng, em đừng ‘overthink’ (suy nghĩ quá nhiều). Xét về ý nghĩa, hai vế này tương tự nhau, và thế là đủ. Đáp án là ‘Yes’

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Hy vọng bài viết này đã cung cấp cho em kiến thức hay và hữu ích. Chúc em học tốt! ❤️

August 14, 2018

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