IELTS Insights – Writing and Speaking – Affect/ Impact/ Influence

IELTS Insights: Lưu ý khi sử dụng các từ mang nghĩa ‘ảnh hưởng’ như affect, impact, hay influence

Trong Ielts writing và speaking, học viên có thói quen dùng các từ mang nghĩa ảnh hưởng. Ví dụ , các em thường dùng ‘affect, impact và influence’. Post này phân tích các lỗi phổ biến của học viên liên quan đến các từ này.

Xét hai câu sau, bạn hãy thử tìm xem lỗi sai trong 2 câu này. Sau đó, bạn xem phần giải thích đáp án phía dưới nhé.

1. Students’ homesickness can negatively AFFECT/ IMPACT/ INFLUENCE TO their studies.
2. Students’ homesickness can TAKE AFFECT/ IMPACT/ INFLUENCE their studies
Students’ homesickness can TAKE EFFECT/ IMPACT/ INFLUENCE TO their studies

Bấm vào đây để xem giải thích

👨‍🏫 Đối với câu 1, người dùng affect/ impact/ influence dưới dạng Động từ. Khi dùng các từ này dưới dạng Động từ, các từ này sẽ không đi chung với Giới từ. Do đó đáp án đúng là

1. Students’ homesickness can negatively AFFECT/ IMPACT/ INFLUENCE their studies. (bỏ TO trong câu trên)

👨‍🏫 Đối với câu 2, người dùng affect/ impact/ influence dưới dạng Danh từ. Khi dùng các từ này dạng Noun, các từ này phải đi với Verb và Giới từ phù hợp. Trong đó, Động từ HAVE và Giới từ ON được dùng phổ biến nhât. Do đó, đáp án đúng là

2. Students’ homesickness can HAVE AN EFFECT/ IMPACT/ INFLUENCE ON their studies (dùng HAVE thay vì TAKE)


Chúc các em học tốt! ❤️

July 7, 2018

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